What is a procedure of confirmation of Polish citizenship?

The proceeding carried out by the Voivode aims at settling whether the person who application relates to, has acquired the Polish citizenship, possesses it at present or has lost the Polish citizenship. The Voivode in form of an administrative decision shall indicate based on which events, regulations and on which date the acquisition or loss of the Polish citizenship has occurred.

An application can be submitted by persons who are not sure whether they are still the Polish citizens, although they had got such citizenship in childhood as well as the persons whose ancestors are or were the Polish citizens and who want to determine if they had acquired the Polish citizenship after them.

european union passports isolated on white background


The application must contain personal information about ancestors (parents, grandparents). The application must be filed with the appropriate Province Office (Urząd Wojewódzki) in Polish language. Foreign documents are accepted with certified translations by a Polish sworn translator or a Polish consul.

Our services include legal representation, assistance in gathering / finding documents, translations and completeness of the application.

Submitting an application for confirmation of possession or loss of Polish citizenship

Helpful information:
  • Applicant's full name, date of birth and place of birth,
  • the name of the ancestor – Polish citizen,
  • date and place of his/her birth,
  • the known his/her addresses in Poland,
  • information about his/her military service in the Polish army,
  • date, place and circumstances of his/her emigration,
  • date of acquisition of foreign citizenship,
  • information about Polish documents that belonged to the ancestor.
Preliminary consultation – free (only via contact form)

According to the ius sanguinis principle being in force in Poland a child acquires the Polish citizenship if on date of his/her birth the parents have got the Polish citizenship or one of them. From the time of passage of the first Bill on the Polish Citizenship in 1920, the Polish regulations relating to acquisition and loss of the Polish citizenship have been repeatedly amended, thus it is necessary to define if continuity of the Polish citizenship possession by the ancestors have not been discontinued. In the 60s and the 70s Poland signed with some countries of the Central and Eastern Europe the conventions on avoidance of double citizenship.

Due to above it is worth benefitting findpolishroots.com`s services prior to submitting any application in order to establish opportunities of positive consideration of a matter as well as gathering the required documents. If you have questions about the documents from a specific country, please contact us via e-mail.

What does EU citizenship mean?

Any person who holds the nationality of an EU country is automatically also an EU citizen. EU citizenship is additional to and does not replace national citizenship. It is for each EU country to lay down the conditions for the acquisition and loss of nationality of that country. The main difference between the two is that the rights that citizens enjoy as a result of European citizenship are not matched with duties.


Interest in Polish citizenship is constantly growing due to the possibility of living and working in the territory of 28 European Union member countries. Only in 2015, more than 9000 people living abroad have applied in Warsaw for confirmation of possession or loss of Polish citizenship.


Freedom of movement and residence for persons in the EU is the cornerstone of Union citizenship, which was established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1992. It first involved the gradual phasing-out of internal borders under the Schengen agreements, initially in just a handful of Member States.

The freedom to movement and stay right on the territory of the member states includes permission to enter, stay and take business activity on the territory of the EU. The EU citizen has got active and passive voting rights to selected local administrative organs of the member states as well as to the European Parliament – and most important – in place of his/her residence, and not in country he/she comes from.

For more information visit the official EU web-site: http://europa.eu/about-eu/index_en.htm.